Friday, September 01, 2006

The 1898 Salon de Refuse

The 1863 Salon de Refuses ("salon of the rejected") in Paris was a landmark event in the history of modern art. Established by decree of Napoleon III, Emperor of France, the exhibition of the rejected in 1863 included Manet, Whistler, Monet, Pisarro and others, whose paintings had been rejected by the official French Salon. It is widely seen as one of the first steps away from the deadening influence of the French Academy and those awful paintings so dear to the academicians--the acres and acres of paintings about the rape of the Sabine women, the oath of the Horatii, the brown landscapes of incredible, mind-numbing detail, and so on.

In 1898, the members of P&C put on a show they humorously called the Salon de Refuse. It opened at the Athenaeum Building on February 12, 1898. Here is the catalog from the show.

Catalogue of the Salon de Refuse
Special Permit from City Garbage Inspector

At the Galleries of The Palette and Chisel Club
Athenaeum Building Chicago, Illinois
February 12, 1898 One Night Only

BE IT SPECIALLY UNDERSTOOD BY WAY OF EXPLANATION
That while all the members of the Club are represented in this exhibit, they did not all have masterpieces refused. In fact, several members did not send in any at all. All pictures are for sale, 30 cents per square yard. The canvas is good and may be used again. Inquire at lake front dump.

THE FOLLOWING PRIZES FOR PAINTINGS WILL BE AWARDED

First Prize
For queerest painting of the human figure--
Walking scholarship to Paris (Kentucky.)
Offered by the Housekeepers' Protective Association.

Second Prize
For the most elegant silver-print job--A
nickel-plated cook stove. Offered by the
Silver-printers' Union.

Third Prize
For best dressed landscape in the house--
A box of canned tomatoes. Offered by the
Ladies' Landscape Guild.

Fourth Prize
For the best drawing with the perspective
left out--A brass mounted T square and
trowel. Offered by A.L. Swift & Co.
Artistic Printers.

Fifth Prize
For the worst moonlight in the house--A
pass to Kohl & Middleton's Dime Museum.
Offered by Four o'Clock.

Sixth Prize
For the painting showing the dizziest
results of the pink and blue impressionist
movement--A Shinnecock-Hills cigar.
Offered by Brush and Pencil.

CATALOGUE FOR BUYERS

ANDERSON, E.A.
Member of L. A. W. Ball and Sprocket Club and
Handlebar Art Association.
1. A Puncture.
2. Goo-goo.

BERGER, H.
Member of Clan-na-Gael, Sons of St. Patrick,
and Dearborn Avenue Browning and Pinochle Club.
3. Seemphony (in Emerald and Verdigris.)
4. Sunrise, or Sunset: or Grandpa's Teeth
are Plugged with Zinc (in Hooker's Green No. 1
and Hooker's Green No. 2.)

BROTTS, EMMETT.
The Baritone bareback wonder; Pool and
Croquet Champion; wearer of Police
Gazette corned-beef sandwich belt; (he also draws.)
5. A Song ?

BOEHM, H. R.
El Artista Mexicana; Member of
Chihuahua Tomale Club; Peintura de
Hidalgo Val Blatz.
6. A Hot Time in a Chili Con-carne Factory at Santiago Papaschiaro.

CLUTE, WALTER M.
Pupil of Glasgow School; Instructor
of Technique at Hull House and Newsboy's Home.
7. A Curling Match.
8. A Scotch High-ball.

CRESSWELL, T. A.
Vice-President of Wilminton Asscociation
and Member of Fire-water Colorists'
Union and Plaza Bowling Club; Pupil of Kelly.
9. The Bowlers.
10. The Bridge.

DE WITZ, WM.
Professor of Spinach at Illinois
Spinach parlors.
11. Spinach.
12. Spinach with Lettering.

DENSLOW, W. W.
Founder of the Sea Horse School;
Hors concurs, hors de combat, saw horse and horse radish.
13. Watering the Sea Horse.

FOERSTER, A. M.
President of Lithographers' Union and
member of Milwaukee Avenue Amalgamated
Vest and Pants Makers Banjo Club.
14. A Portrait in Six Printings and a Grey Tint.

GRUENFELDT, CASPAR.
Secretary German Mud-puddlers' Dancing
Society. German and English Dancing
Lessons at low rates.
15. The Dream of Phidias.

HOLME, F.
Advance Agent of Hard Times;
founder of Catch-as-catch-can School
of Art. Masterpieces fresh every hour.
"We never sleep."
16. Fourshortened.
17. Rejected.

HUNTER, DAVID.
English School. Director of the Montana
Atelier and Kitchen Garden; holder of
the Terra Cotta Mug. Will compete with all comers.
18. Busted.
19. David and the Liar.

HUTT, HEINRICH.
The boy artist. Studied at Lakeside
Primary School, Englewood Retouching Studio
and J. Manz Academy of High Art;
7th Floor, take elevator. Key 17--was 24.
20. A Choke.
21. A Cold Day.

IRVINE, W. H.
President of Whisker Growers' Protective
Association; pupil of Acme Portrait Factory.
Operations painless; gas administered.
22. A Portrait.

JANSSON, ALFRED.
The terrible Swede. Champion long-distance
landscape painter of Lake View.
23. Fortissimo.
24. F F F F Fortissimo.

KINNEY, T. S.
Associate of the Truth Seekers'
Gouache Club. Leather Medal from the
Shinnecock School of Whitewash-brush-work.
25. My Portrait of Myself.
26. " " "

KNUTZEN, H.
Studied in Franklin Art Foundry.
Medal of first-class in 1842 for wood
engraving from life of a Tripe Sandwich.
27. A Wood-cut from Life.

LARSON, FRED. T.
Pupil of Blimmer's 19-story creations.
28. The Proof of the Pudding is in the Printing.

LOEWENHEIM, FRED.
Midnight Painter. Member of Spinach Conservatory
and Royal Moonlight Manufactory.
Studied art under Mandel Bros. (in the basement.)
29. Midnight.
30. Portrait of Miss C.

MAUCH, CARL.
Member of the Seccessionists;
Associate of Anheuser-Busch. Studied art on battlefield of Sedan
.31. The Grocer's Charge.
32. Battle of Budweiserliverwurst.

MAZZANOVICH, I.
Pupil of Maledetto Spaghetti.
Champion welter-weight landscape
painter of Chicago and the Northwest.
33. The German Building.
34. A Drawing with the Brush.

MULHAUPT, FRED.
President Palette and Chisel Club, A.R.A.;
instructor of painting in Kansas City Blind Asylum.
Lecturer on art in the West Side School for the Deaf and Dumb.
35. Historical Painting: Washington Crossing the Chicago River.
36. Portrait of Dave Hunter (loaned by the man who swiped it.)

MORGAN, I. A.
Pupil of St. Louis Milk and Cream Depot.
Hand painted portraits a specialty;
no objections to Sunday work.
37. 2-col. Portrait--Rush!

PURVIS, DE SHEVANG, W. G.
Decorator of the Jawbone and
performer upon the same instrument.
38. Nymphs.

ROWLEY, CAPEL.
Royal Academician. Member of South Kensington
Art Kindergarten and Wisconsin Lumber Co.
39. Portrait of a Saw-log.

RYDEN, HENNING.
Medallist of first class. (Championship medals a specialty.)
40. Design for a Leather Medal.

SENF, C.
Royal Institute of Beer and Water Colorists.
Mechanical drafting with neatness and dispatch.
41. The Mowers.
42. Harvesters.
43. A Decorative Farmyard Scene.

SHIPPEN, JOS.
Shippen clerk for N. W. Terra Cotta Co.
Our Treasurer $$$$$$$$.
44. Bats that Fly in the Night.

STERBA, A.
Curator of the Maze Art Gallery.
45. Schooners Crossing the Bar.

SWANSON, A.
Aye tank ha bin Suede. Member of Glasgow
School and pupil of Chicago Photo Engraving Academy.
46. Spring.

SNYDER, OTTO.
Member of Silver-printers' Union.
Rush jobs a specialty; only the best ink used.
47. Portrait of Me and Williamson.

SMITH, M. D.
D.D., LL. D., R. S. V. P., Etc.
48. A Study in Black and White.

THWING, F. J.
Marine artist. (Moonlight 15 cents extra.)
Champion composition target shot; pupil of Dr. Carver.
49. Together.

THAYER, E.N.
President Woolly Academy of Fine Art.
Uses only Pyle's Pearline Wash-drawing Compound.
50. Chunks.
51. Blobs.

WAGNER, F.
Pupil of Elgin Buttermilk School of Staining
and Director of Union Stock Yards Butchers'
Culture and Pleasure Club. Blue medal at yellow
fever hospital. All work fumigated before leaving the studio.
52. An Arrangement in Light Blue and Dark Blue.
53. The Yellow Jaundice.

1 Comments:

Anonymous Portrait Artist said...

Nice article you've got here.

Despite rejection, those artists were able to take it lightly; they even manage to laugh at themselves.

This shows the real human spirit---that always fights and never gives up.

John

September 11, 2006  

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